Occupation as an accountant – working in accounting
What does an accountant do? The accountant is responsible for collecting all business transactions of the company. A thorough and organized way of working as well as a high affinity to the handling of numbers provide the necessary results which form the basis for strategic business decisions. The use of digital software has also improved the “dry and desolate” image of the accountant, which still exists in people’s minds. Since the profession of accountant does not have a protected professional title, theoretically anyone with a completed commercial education can call himself an accountant.
What exactly does an accountant do? An accountant is responsible for posting all so-called business incidents in the company. These include incoming and outgoing invoices, preliminary work on payroll accounting and the annual financial statements. This is done in a chart of accounts that draws conclusions about the receivables and liabilities of a company. Together with the results of the controlling and the cost and performance calculation, these form the basis of decision-making for the management.
In addition to the name of the accountant, (Financial) Accountant is very common. Higher positions are titled as Accountant or Accountant.
What prerequisites and competences are necessary for the job as an accountant?
To do the job as an accountant, you should have a high affinity for numbers and a careful way of working.
Especially in small companies, accountants are often used as all-rounders and, depending on their field of activity, have to have knowledge in the areas of employment law, employment tax law and social security law. Safe handling of the booking software as well as initial experience through internships or work as a student may also be an advantage for starting a career.
Training as an accountant:
Since the job title “accountant” is not protected in Germany, training in the commercial sector or a degree with a focus on controlling or finance is already a sufficient requirement, but not mandatory. A further education of the accountant is possible for the “audited accountant”, as for example over the IHK.
Contact with the customer arises only in individual cases, such as difficulties with individual invoices or bookings. But just then the accountant expects a sensitivity and social competence to clarify this uncomplicated and diplomatic.
Handling booking software
Knowledge of employment law, social security law and employment tax law
High affinity with the handling of numbers
Precise way of working
Continuing education as an accountant
Foreign language skills
These are the tasks of an accountant
Posting business transactions
Accounts receivable and payable
Preparation of balance sheets g Annual grants
Dealing with computer software
Communication with customers and employees in case of discrepancies
Preliminary work on accounting and finance
Also, the accounts and the corresponding preparation of financial statements using the booking software belong to the scope of an accountant. The results are used to calculate corresponding key figures for the balance sheets and to determine the cost price, which is passed on to the management as the basis for entrepreneurial decisions.